Download PDF by Jonathan R. Dull: The French Navy and the Seven Years' War

By Jonathan R. Dull

ISBN-10: 0803217315

ISBN-13: 9780803217317

The Seven Years’ warfare used to be the world’s first worldwide clash, spanning 5 continents and the severe sea lanes that attached them. This booklet is the fullest account ever written of the French navy’s position within the hostilities. it's also the main entire survey of either stages of the warfare: the French and Indian battle in North the US (1754–60) and the Seven Years’ conflict in Europe (1756–63), that are typically taken care of independently. by means of contemplating either levels of the battle from each attitude, award-winning historian Jonathan R. boring indicates not just that the 2 conflicts are so interconnected that neither could be absolutely understood in isolation but in addition that conventional interpretations of the struggle are principally misguided. His paintings additionally unearths how the French army, supposedly completely beaten, can have figured so prominently within the conflict of yankee Independence purely fifteen years later. A accomplished paintings integrating diplomatic, naval, army, and political historical past, The French army and the Seven Years’ warfare completely explores the French viewpoint at the Seven Years’ conflict. It additionally experiences British international relations and warfare technique in addition to the jobs performed via the yank colonies, Spain, Austria, Prussia, Russia, Sweden, and Portugal. As this heritage unfolds, it turns into transparent that French coverage used to be extra constant, logical, and winning than has formerly been said, and that King Louis XV’s behavior of the struggle profoundly affected the result of America’s next progressive conflict. (20060301)

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Doubting himself, he was reluctant to criticize those who served in his government. Le Chambrier also commented on the king’s reserve, secretiveness, and hot temper, but praised his humanity toward those who served him. This assessment resembles that of the Cardinal de Bernis, Louis’ foreign minister in 1757 and 1758, who described him as the best master in the world but ignorant of how to exercise power; he also said Louis was a man of honor who desired to do good. 4 Lacking someone like Louis XIV with the strong self-confidence to impose his authority, the unity of the French government collapsed.

In retrospect this expedition was a disaster, causing a cascade of events leading to a war that France did not want and for which it was not prepared. Like the decision a dozen years earlier to attack Maria Theresa, it resulted from a combination of ignorance, fear, and impatience. In the earlier case, Louis XV acted himself, but in the present case the king, perhaps distracted by his secret diplomacy in eastern Europe, left the matter to his ministers. Rouillé acted in ignorance of the repercussions the fort building would have both on the Indians and on the British and in exaggerated fear of the urgency of the British threat.

76 The duc de Choiseul, the French foreign minister during the darkest period of the Seven Years’ War, later would blame France’s plight on the French negotiator at Aix-la-Chapelle, the comte de Saint-Séverin. 77 Time, however, was pressing during the negotiations at Aix-la-Chapelle. Having agreed to return Louisbourg, Britain was unlikely to make further concessions in North America. France was willing to surrender the immensely valuable Austrian Netherlands to avoid the risks of an indefinite war.

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The French Navy and the Seven Years' War by Jonathan R. Dull

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