By John H. Seinfeld, Spyros N. Pandis
Completely restructured and up-to-date with new findings and new features
the second one version of this the world over acclaimed textual content offers the most recent advancements in atmospheric technology. It remains to be the most effective textual content for either a rigorous and an entire therapy of the chemistry of the ambience, overlaying such pivotal themes as:
* Chemistry of the stratosphere and troposphere
* Formation, progress, dynamics, and homes of aerosols
* Meteorology of air pollution
* shipping, diffusion, and elimination of species within the atmosphere
* Formation and chemistry of clouds
* interplay of atmospheric chemistry and climate
* Radiative and climatic results of gases and particles
* formula of mathematical chemical/transport types of the atmosphere
All chapters boost effects in keeping with basic ideas, allowing the reader to construct a superb figuring out of the technological know-how underlying atmospheric techniques. one of the new fabric are 3 new chapters: Atmospheric Radiation and Photochemistry, normal circulate of the ambience, and worldwide Cycles. moreover, the chapters Stratospheric Chemistry, Tropospheric Chemistry, and natural Atmospheric Aerosols were rewritten to mirror the most recent findings.
Readers conversant in the 1st variation will find a textual content with new buildings and new positive aspects that tremendously reduction studying. Many examples are trigger within the textual content to assist readers paintings in the course of the program of strategies. complicated fabric has been moved to appendices. eventually, many new difficulties, coded by means of measure of hassle, were further. A options guide is available.
completely up to date and restructured, the second one variation of Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics is a perfect textbook for upper-level undergraduate and graduate scholars, in addition to a reference for researchers in environmental engineering, meteorology, chemistry, and the atmospheric sciences.
click on right here to obtain the strategies guide for tutorial Adopters: http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/Section/id-292291.html
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Additional info for Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change
Because of its long tropospheric lifetime, much of the OCS reaches the stratosphere, where photolysis and oxidation lead to SO2 and eventually to sulfate particles. The OCS mixing ratio in the tropospheric is relatively constant at about 500 ppt (Chin and Davis 1995). Enhanced OCS mixing ratios up to 600 ppt from biomass burning emissions have been found below the tropical tropopause, at altitudes between 10 and 18 km (Notholt, et al. 2003). The other sulfur compounds, CS2 and DMS, have much shorter tropospheric lifetimes than OCS and therefore do not contribute appreciably to the sulfur budget of the stratosphere under volcanically quiescient periods.
Urban SO2 mixing ratios can attain values of several hundred parts per billion. We will consider the atmospheric chemistry of SO2 in Chapter 6. 3 NITROGEN-CONTAINING COMPOUNDS The strong triple bond of the N ≡ N molecule makes it practically inert; it is extremely stable chemically and is not involved in the chemistry of the troposphere or stratosphere. The important nitrogen-containing trace species in the atmosphere are nitrous oxide (N2O), nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), nitric acid (HNO3), and ammonia (NH3).
S. 8) gives mean conditions at 45°N latitude. 2 we note that the change of temperature with altitude varies with latitude. Throughout this book we will need the variation of atmospheric properties as a function of altitude. S. Standard Atmosphere. 6 EXPRESSING THE AMOUNT OF A SUBSTANCE IN THE ATMOSPHERE The SI unit for the amount of a substance is the mole (mol). 022 × 1023 mol -1 . Concentration is the amount (or mass) of a substance in a given volume divided by that volume. Mixing ratio in atmospheric chemistry is defined as the ratio of the amount (or mass) of the substance in a given volume to the total amount (or mass) of all constituents in that volume.
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics: From Air Pollution to Climate Change by John H. Seinfeld, Spyros N. Pandis