By Guangwu Feng
The final objective of this booklet is to enhance a Gricean theoretical framework of traditional implicature in which chinese language pragmatic markers might be accommodated. It has associated pursuits. to begin with it units out to develop a idea of traditional implicature. traditional implicature is itself a hugely arguable time period, understood very another way via a variety of manufacturers of up to date pragmatic conception, and is a pivotal idea within the debates among the Gricean and Neo-Gricean theorists at the one hand and proponents of Relevance idea at the different. This ebook bargains an exemplary research and definition of what's keen on those present debates, and it either clarifies and 'problematises' a wide variety of linked matters. the second one aim is to supply a principled and systematic research of pragmatic markers in chinese language. Markers of this kind (and more than a few interconnnected different types together with discourse debris) were the topic of severe research lately, and this unique learn of chinese language markers is a contribution during this sector that's of considerable significance, either theoretical and empirical.
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Additional info for A Theory of Conventional Implicature & Pragmatic Markers in Chinese
If communication is a transmission of meaning-NN, successful communication demands that the speaker make his intention observable to the hearer and the hearer come to recognize that intention on the basis of the speaker’s choice of words and contextual information. Grice’s conception of meaning-NN can be schematically formulated as in (4) (due to Levinson, 2000: 13). P (4) Speaker U means-NN p by uttering to hearer H iff U intends: (i) H to think that p, (ii) H to recognize that U intends (i) and (iii) H ’s recognition of U ’s intending (i) to be the prime reason for H to think that p.
Bill is meeting a woman this evening. Bill is meeting a woman [who is not his wife, mother, or sister] this evening. Echoing Grice (1975), Levinson treats (14b) as the generalized conversational implicature derived from (14a), using his Q[uantity]heuristic (based on Grice’s ﬁrst maxim of quantity). It is the preferred interpretation of (14a), because ‘‘the speaker has failed to be speciﬁc in a way in which he might have been expected to be speciﬁc, with the consequence that it is likely to be assumed that he is not in a position to be speciﬁc’’ (Grice, 1989: 38).
G. ‘‘Be polite’’ and ‘‘Speak idiomatically unless there is some special reason not to’’) that are also normally observed by participants in talk exchanges and may also generate non-conventional implicatures (Grice, 1975: 47). The ways of being cooperative may also vary across particular cultures, but the overall pragmatic principle remains universal. If this understanding is right, Keenan’s (1976) examples are not counterexamples but rather ones in conformity with the cooperative principle, and her conclusion that the Gricean principle is subject to cultural relativity is not on ﬁrm ground (see also Gazdar, 1979: 54–55).
A Theory of Conventional Implicature & Pragmatic Markers in Chinese by Guangwu Feng