By Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD)
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Extra info for 16th International Symposium on Theory and Practice in Transport Economics - 50 Years of Transport Research: Experience Gained and Major Challenges Ahead
Another important phenomenon is the possible shift of the so-called logistics chain inside Europe. It is by no means unthinkable that some import flows of raw materials, general cargo and especially containers -- which have thus far passed through the relatively large ports of the Hamburg-Le Havre range -- will in the future be attracted by such southern European ports as Giaio Tauro, Cagliari and Taranto. This would occasion a dramatic spatial shift in hinterland transportation. Moreover, there would be important consequences in terms of infrastructure capacity utilisation, demand for new infrastructure, the technologies applied and the modal choice.
It is clearly the intention to improve the image of these modes, through investment in quality (cf. the policy on maritime safety and the policy aimed at the reflagging of ships to Community registers through tonnage-based taxation) and in better interfaces between the modes concerned. Shipping can be integrated perfectly into the concept of Trans-European Networks by, for example, improving access to the port services market. There is an urgent need for true intermodality, based on those modal characteristics that might influence the behaviour of transport users and shippers: integration into a 30 16th Symposium – 50 Years of Transport Research – ISBN 92-821-2333-2 - © ECMT, 2005 so-called “one-stop shop”, encouraging the emergence of freight integrators, giving priority to technical harmonisation and interoperability between systems, and stimulating innovation (including financially).
We can see from this example that public investment acts, in fact, as an instrument of procyclical policy, thereby extending the economic cycle. Studies recently conducted in Spain (Sánchez Soliño, 2002) reflect the above comments. Until fairly recently, at a time of radical change in infrastructure policy, public investment was used as a variable for budgetary adjustment. The changes currently taking place are primarily the outcome of new Infrastructure Plan 2000-2006, introduced by the Ministry of Public Works.
16th International Symposium on Theory and Practice in Transport Economics - 50 Years of Transport Research: Experience Gained and Major Challenges Ahead by Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD)