By Peter Droege
The maximum problem of our time is to construct a global in keeping with the sustainable use of renewable energy. Our huge dependence on fossil fuels has disillusioned the very climatic method that made human evolution attainable. the worldwide economic climate and its economic climate are in jeopardy, working sizzling on openly reasonable but more and more high priced and quick depleting oil. A a hundred% renewable global is visible via many as an most unlikely dream in something however the very long-term. yet not just do increasingly more tasks and plans dare to make the swap yet many have already completed it.
This wealthy assortment offers a sequence of pioneering efforts and their champions, and the trails to their successes. starting from tasks via contributors to visions for corporations, groups and whole nations, it defeats drained financial and technical counter-arguments, exhibiting how the schemes featured not just can and do paintings yet achieve this economically and with on hand expertise. The publication is brought by means of incisive writing via Peter Droege, explaining the demanding situations and framing a roadmap in the direction of a a hundred% renewable fact.
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Extra info for 100 Per Cent Renewable: Energy Autonomy in Action
For RECs to have a value they require mandatory renewable energy targets to be set. Minimum targets can become maxima, or can be so quickly taken up by a relative excess of existing renewable generation assets that an REC market can collapse. A fundamental policy flaw has been to artificially limit a notional future target, or to set too short horizons. But there are other, more effective tools. These also work by framing markets, markets that are supported by just policies such as national or state feed-in tariffs (FiT), off-grid, thermal-energy and other targeted regulatory frameworks, enhanced by revenue or credit support signals and renewablecontent pricing, all supported by the dramatic reduction or elimination of fossil fuel subsidies.
The right policy matters It is also important to distinguish the quality of policies by their ability to deliver a fully renewable world. What policies are capable of achieving or supporting the development of 100 per cent renewable ‘islands’, infrastructure elements or behaviour, and which are less promising? Emissions trading (ET), for example, seems like a compelling theory to many market economists. In theory, ET schemes can help convert pollution debit-derived income into desperately needed investment in carbon sequestering soils management, organic agriculture, biochar/pyrolysis programmes and general, massive forestation programmes, and successful efforts at permanently lowering fossil energy-based generation.
Nested supply: A new geography of power and a new social contract emerge No single level of support will work on its own. At a country or continental level, comprehensive grids are being discussed and advanced to facilitate 3474 EARTHSCAN 100% Renewable:Layout 1 22 21/9/09 12:25 Page 22 100% RENEWABLE Energy Autonomy in Action renewable energy interconnection. These massive connections can involve high-voltage DC links supporting long-distance transmissions at a low loss rate. Continental solar fields, biofuel resources, offshore wind parks and the like are envisioned to be linked with pumped-storage and other reserve systems to replace declining fossil and nuclear power resources.
100 Per Cent Renewable: Energy Autonomy in Action by Peter Droege